Piano Tuning In  West Virginia

Definitions and Explanations

Parts Of The Piano

Piano Tuning In West Virginia

(1) frame (2) lid, front part (3) capo bar (4) damper (5) lid, back part (6) damper mechanism (7) sostenuto rail pedal mechanism, (8, 9, 10) rods (11) pedals: right (sustain/damper), middle (sostenuto), left (soft/una-corda) (12) bridge (13) hitch pin (14) frame (15) sound board(16) string

Styles of Pianos

          • Concert Grand - 8' 11" and larger
          • Half Concert Grand - 7'4"
          • Parlour Grand 6'8"
          • Drawing Room Grand - 6'4"
          • Professional Grand - 6'
          • Living Room Grand - 5'10"
          • Baby Grand - 5'8"
          • Upright - 51" and up
          • Vertical - 36" - 51"
          • Studio - 44" or taller
          • Console to 42"
          • Spinet - 36" to 38"


Pitch Raise – A pitch raise is the most common service needed in addition to regular tuning. The strings inside a piano all added together create a tension on its iron plate of about 20,000 lbs on a small piano. This extreme tension causes a piano to constantly go flat, very slowly, this will always occur from the date of manufacture to the end of its service life.  The pitch raise procedure is always needed when a piano service has not been regularly maintained with tunings on a calendar basis — the longer the time between tunings, the lower the pitch descends, and, for example, with a decrease in pitch of over about 4% the piano cannot be simply tuned immediately back up to the standard of "A - 440" and stay in tune normally — it has to be "pitch raised" up to that "A - 440" standard, then re-tuned to that pitch. Pitch raising returns a piano to concert pitch A-440, and is necessary, usually when the piano has not been tuned in a long time, when the piano has been moved, or has undergone unusual stress due to large temperature and humidity changes.
The piano will need to be rough tuned to get the overall pitch of all 220+ strings close
to the correct pitch before fine tuning the instrument. Depending on the severity of the lowered pitch, it may need to be done over the course of a couple of tunings due to the stress involved on both the sound board and the piano tuner. This can tend to be a somewhat less stable tuning and will need to be retuned sooner than with regular service.

Action – The working section of the piano is called the action. There are approximately 7500 parts here, all playing a role in sending the hammers against the strings when keys are struck. Pressing a key on the piano's keyboard causes a felt-covered hammer to strike steel strings. The hammers rebound, allowing the strings to continue vibrating at their resonant frequency.  These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a sounding board that more efficiently couples the acoustic energy to the air. then the dampers stop the vibrations when the key is released.

Cents – The cent is a logarithmic unit of measure used for musical intervals. Twelve-tone equal temperament divides the octave into 12 semitones of 100 cents each. Typically, cents are used to measure extremely small finite intervals, or to compare the sizes of comparable intervals in different tuning systems.